Contribute
Register

VoiletDragon's NAS Build: H97N-WIFI - Core i3 4360 - HD4600

Joined
Jun 9, 2013
Messages
10,809
Motherboard
Gigabyte GA-H77N-WIFI
CPU
i7-3770
Graphics
HD 4000
Mac
MacBook, Mac mini
Mobile Phone
Android
VoiletDragon's NAS Build:
Gigabyte H97N-WIFI - Core i3 4360 - 8GB RAM - HD4600

Components

3x 3TB Seagate ST3000NV000 NAS Drives
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00D1GYNU8/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Silverstone SST-DS380B (Black) 8 Bay Hot Swappable ITX Case
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00HVKMI9S/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Corsair SF Series SFX450 Modular Power Supply
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B01CR5XJR6/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Fit-Headless GS HDMI Headless Adapter
https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B01EK05WTY/?tag=tonymacx86-21

3TB Western Digital Hard Drive USB 3.0 (Bought this from Argos in the UK on Holidays Discount)
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00UNA1ICQ/?tag=tonymacx86-21


Already Owned

Gigabyte GA-H97N-WIFI ITX Motherboard
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00KC7ZY2U/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Intel Core i3-4360 3.70Ghz CPU with Intel HD 4600
https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B00J2LIFDC/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Sandisk 64GB SSD - No longer available.

Corsair Vengeance LP 8GB Kit
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00569K7LM/?tag=tonymacx86-21 [/SIZE]

Note. Due to the Fit-headless GS Headless Adapter there is no Mouse and Keyboard. Everything is done over the network. The NAS is completely headless which gives me full 1920x1080 on Screen Sharing app in OS X.


Comments

This build is more dedicated to Storage not the Hardware so i decided to splash out more on the Drives also the Case. I went with the i3-4360 not just because of its TDP of 54 watts but in a build like this CPU usage won't be a issue neither with only 8GB of RAM. I'm currently using Intel HD 4600 which is built into the CPU as Graphics isn't going to be a issue with the Screen Sharing App inside OS X and handles 1920x1080 with the Headless Adapter perfectly fine.

The whole point of building this NAS is because it was hassle keep everything on each computer on a secondary storage per computer. I decided to build a 9TB that is on my Home Network as well as outside of the home i.e can be accessed anywhere in the world will get more onto how this works.

So your probably wondering what I'm using to connect this NAS to my 8 Port Ethernet Hub? Well using the Dual Ethernet Ports on the Motherboard which are both 1Gbp. LAN 1 is using Intel Gbe LAN, LAN 2 is using Realtek Gbe both kexts to enable both NICs can be found in MultiBeast or the Downloads Section. When using Both Ethernet, I can get reasonable speeds between each computer or iPhone, iPad.

The Silverstone SST-DS380B is a very nice case but very pricey. The Reason why i bought this case is because of its Hot swap able Drive Bays which can offer up to 8 3.5inch or 2.5inch bays. The only downside is that most motherboards on the market today only have up to 6 SATA Ports which is a limit on the Intel Chipset. In the near Future i will purchase a PCI-E SATA Card which will allow me to have more drives. This case is more onto Server Grade hardware it supports both SAS and SATA Drives I'm currently using SATA as the H97N-WIFI doesn't have a SAS Controller.

The biggest problems i was having with OS X was SMB, i.e SAMBA Support. OS X lacks of SAMBA Support so i was having issues with connection time out between Windows clients and Data Transfers. Even when i attempted to connect my Raspberry Pi which runs Kodi to my NAS using SMB that caused issues. WonkeyDonky has written up about SAMBA on his NAS Build, which can be found here https://www.tonymacx86.com/threads/...er-build-z87e-itx-core-i7-4771-hd4600.212525/

Now, lets move onto what Services I'm using on the NAS. I'm running OS X Server App which can be downloaded from the Mac App Store for £19.99 here in the UK. The Server App from the Mac App Store is a very good and powerful app for your networking needs.



Time Machine Server

Allows me to do hourly Back ups over the Network which works quite well but has to be set up by creating a Sparse using Disk Utility. The only downside is that you can not restore from Time Machine in the OSX Installer has to be done once you install OS X and at the Welcome screen but this isn't a big deal to me.

File Sharing

File Sharing in Mac and the Server is very easy but has its quirks. Having Both SMB (SAMBA) and AFP (Apple Filing Protocol) will cause issues with data transfers and connecting better to just disable SMB leaving AFP enabled. I have File Sharing enabled for data transfers as well as for iTunes so with File Sharing enabled i can access all drive which are on the NAS can also do the same on my iPhone and iPad by using a App called FileExplorer. FYI AFP is so much faster than SMB but Windows has no support for AFP however works fine in Linux. I have tested in Linux Ubuntu and Mate. When transferring Data over the network, I get full speeds which is because I went all out and made my own Ethernet Cables with Cat6e Cables; this is a very expensive way to go but its worth it.





Screen Sharing

OS X has a very nice Screen Sharing utility which can be enabled in System Preferences -> Sharing. I have this enabled only because if i ever need to Remote into my NAS it will make my life a lot easier and with the Fit-Headless GS Headless Adaptor its so much easier than connecting a Monitor, Mouse and Keyboard.

VPN and DNS

I enabled VPN and DNS in the Server App. Enabling both will allow you to access the files and remote into the NAS when away from the Home; the reason why I enabled this is because if I'm away from home or on the train I can watch my Movies or TV Shows on my iPhone, iPad, MacBook Pro without storing it locally. Setting up a VPN is a better way of connecting to your home Server Securely which works very well with the OS X Server App. Setting up a VPN does require a DNS Hostname and enabling port Forwarding on the Router. The VPN works on both 4G/LTE and WIFI Hotspots. Just something I'd mention here. If you're planning on using Home Sharing with the VPN, this will not work its one of the reasons why I choose to add my iTunes library from my Entertainment drive manually then just load Music, Movies, TV Shows, etc. from the Drive not using Home Sharing. This is a common problem and caused by Apple's Bonjour.





My fix for SAMBA

So, here's a Fix I did for SAMBA; I bought a USB 3.0 External Drive 3TB Drive and installed Windows 7 in Parallels, and shared the Data on the Drive to my Network for Kodi and Windows Clients. This works pretty well and gets seen in the WorkGroup on my Home Network. LAN 2 is used for the VM which I just bridged it in Parallels so LAN 2 is only used for the Windows Client Share. However, only LAN 1 is used for the VPN and File Transfers between OS X.


System Configuration

UniBeast and MultiBeast is what I used to install OS X, then modify the config and created a set of SSDTs to Patch ACPI. Overall, this machine is very Stable - hasn't skipped a beat yet. MultiBeast settings. I've disabled Audio in the BIOS as its not needed on this System.

 

Attachments

Last edited:
Joined
Jul 9, 2016
Messages
47
Motherboard
Gigabyte Z390 Aorus Pro
CPU
i7-9700K
Graphics
580
Mac
MacBook Pro
Mobile Phone
iOS
This is fantastic, I'm looking to build a hackintosh/NAS just like this, but I was wondering if I could build it to double as a photo-processing workstation. I was also planning to build a desktop hackintosh for use in my photo studio (Lightroom/Photoshop and some light video editing in Premier) and I figured maybe I could kill two stones at once and build an desktop/NAS combo. Could this machine be tweaked a bit to become a powerful workstation as well or am I better off building separate machines for that?
 
Joined
Jun 9, 2013
Messages
10,809
Motherboard
Gigabyte GA-H77N-WIFI
CPU
i7-3770
Graphics
HD 4000
Mac
MacBook, Mac mini
Mobile Phone
Android
This is fantastic, I'm looking to build a hackintosh/NAS just like this, but I was wondering if I could build it to double as a photo-processing workstation. I was also planning to build a desktop hackintosh for use in my photo studio (Lightroom/Photoshop and some light video editing in Premier) and I figured maybe I could kill two stones at once and build an desktop/NAS combo. Could this machine be tweaked a bit to become a powerful workstation as well or am I better off building separate machines for that?
It all depends. What is it you want to do? Have a Storage Server? or something like i have?
 
Joined
Jun 9, 2013
Messages
10,809
Motherboard
Gigabyte GA-H77N-WIFI
CPU
i7-3770
Graphics
HD 4000
Mac
MacBook, Mac mini
Mobile Phone
Android
VoiletDragon's NAS Build:
Gigabyte H97N-WIFI - Core i3 4360 - 8GB RAM - HD4600

Components

3x 3TB Seagate ST3000NV000 NAS Drives
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00D1GYNU8/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Silverstone SST-DS380B (Black) 8 Bay Hot Swappable ITX Case
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00HVKMI9S/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Corsair SF Series SFX450 Modular Power Supply
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B01CR5XJR6/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Fit-Headless GS HDMI Headless Adapter
https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B01EK05WTY/?tag=tonymacx86-21

3TB Western Digital Hard Drive USB 3.0 (Bought this from Argos in the UK on Holidays Discount)
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00UNA1ICQ/?tag=tonymacx86-21


Already Owned

Gigabyte GA-H97N-WIFI ITX Motherboard
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00KC7ZY2U/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Intel Core i3-4360 3.70Ghz CPU with Intel HD 4600
https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B00J2LIFDC/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Sandisk 64GB SSD - No longer available.

Corsair Vengeance LP 8GB Kit
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00569K7LM/?tag=tonymacx86-21 [/SIZE]

Note. Due to the Fit-headless GS Headless Adapter there is no Mouse and Keyboard. Everything is done over the network. The NAS is completely headless which gives me full 1920x1080 on Screen Sharing app in OS X.


Comments

This build is more dedicated to Storage not the Hardware so i decided to splash out more on the Drives also the Case. I went with the i3-4360 not just because of its TDP of 54 watts but in a build like this CPU usage won't be a issue neither with only 8GB of RAM. I'm currently using Intel HD 4600 which is built into the CPU as Graphics isn't going to be a issue with the Screen Sharing App inside OS X and handles 1920x1080 with the Headless Adapter perfectly fine.

The whole point of building this NAS is because it was hassle keep everything on each computer on a secondary storage per computer. I decided to build a 9TB that is on my Home Network as well as outside of the home i.e can be accessed anywhere in the world will get more onto how this works.

So your probably wondering what I'm using to connect this NAS to my 8 Port Ethernet Hub? Well using the Dual Ethernet Ports on the Motherboard which are both 1Gbp. LAN 1 is using Intel Gbe LAN, LAN 2 is using Realtek Gbe both kexts to enable both NICs can be found in MultiBeast or the Downloads Section. When using Both Ethernet, I can get reasonable speeds between each computer or iPhone, iPad.

The Silverstone SST-DS380B is a very nice case but very pricey. The Reason why i bought this case is because of its Hot swap able Drive Bays which can offer up to 8 3.5inch or 2.5inch bays. The only downside is that most motherboards on the market today only have up to 6 SATA Ports which is a limit on the Intel Chipset. In the near Future i will purchase a PCI-E SATA Card which will allow me to have more drives. This case is more onto Server Grade hardware it supports both SAS and SATA Drives I'm currently using SATA as the H97N-WIFI doesn't have a SAS Controller.

The biggest problems i was having with OS X was SMB, i.e SAMBA Support. OS X lacks of SAMBA Support so i was having issues with connection time out between Windows clients and Data Transfers. Even when i attempted to connect my Raspberry Pi which runs Kodi to my NAS using SMB that caused issues. WonkeyDonky has written up about SAMBA on his NAS Build, which can be found here https://www.tonymacx86.com/threads/...er-build-z87e-itx-core-i7-4771-hd4600.212525/

Now, lets move onto what Services I'm using on the NAS. I'm running OS X Server App which can be downloaded from the Mac App Store for £19.99 here in the UK. The Server App from the Mac App Store is a very good and powerful app for your networking needs.



Time Machine Server

Allows me to do hourly Back ups over the Network which works quite well but has to be set up by creating a Sparse using Disk Utility. The only downside is that you can not restore from Time Machine in the OSX Installer has to be done once you install OS X and at the Welcome screen but this isn't a big deal to me.

File Sharing

File Sharing in Mac and the Server is very easy but has its quirks. Having Both SMB (SAMBA) and AFP (Apple Filing Protocol) will cause issues with data transfers and connecting better to just disable SMB leaving AFP enabled. I have File Sharing enabled for data transfers as well as for iTunes so with File Sharing enabled i can access all drive which are on the NAS can also do the same on my iPhone and iPad by using a App called FileExplorer. FYI AFP is so much faster than SMB but Windows has no support for AFP however works fine in Linux. I have tested in Linux Ubuntu and Mate. When transferring Data over the network, I get full speeds which is because I went all out and made my own Ethernet Cables with Cat6e Cables; this is a very expensive way to go but its worth it.





Screen Sharing

OS X has a very nice Screen Sharing utility which can be enabled in System Preferences -> Sharing. I have this enabled only because if i ever need to Remote into my NAS it will make my life a lot easier and with the Fit-Headless GS Headless Adaptor its so much easier than connecting a Monitor, Mouse and Keyboard.

VPN and DNS

I enabled VPN and DNS in the Server App. Enabling both will allow you to access the files and remote into the NAS when away from the Home; the reason why I enabled this is because if I'm away from home or on the train I can watch my Movies or TV Shows on my iPhone, iPad, MacBook Pro without storing it locally. Setting up a VPN is a better way of connecting to your home Server Securely which works very well with the OS X Server App. Setting up a VPN does require a DNS Hostname and enabling port Forwarding on the Router. The VPN works on both 4G/LTE and WIFI Hotspots. Just something I'd mention here. If you're planning on using Home Sharing with the VPN, this will not work its one of the reasons why I choose to add my iTunes library from my Entertainment drive manually then just load Music, Movies, TV Shows, etc. from the Drive not using Home Sharing. This is a common problem and caused by Apple's Bonjour.





My fix for SAMBA

So, here's a Fix I did for SAMBA; I bought a USB 3.0 External Drive 3TB Drive and installed Windows 7 in Parallels, and shared the Data on the Drive to my Network for Kodi and Windows Clients. This works pretty well and gets seen in the WorkGroup on my Home Network. LAN 2 is used for the VM which I just bridged it in Parallels so LAN 2 is only used for the Windows Client Share. However, only LAN 1 is used for the VPN and File Transfers between OS X.


System Configuration

UniBeast and MultiBeast is what I used to install OS X, then modify the config and created a set of SSDTs to Patch ACPI. Overall, this machine is very Stable - hasn't skipped a beat yet. MultiBeast settings. I've disabled Audio in the BIOS as its not needed on this System.

Update 08-06-2016. Added HP NC6360T Dual LAN Ethernet Card changed to AppleIntelE1000e 3.1.3. Updated Windows 7 VM to Windows 10 Pro for SAMBA Sharing using RDC in OS X. Added a TP-LINK 1gbp 8 Port Ethernet Hub you will notice that under System Preferences -> Network that there is a PPoE Connection this is because i started using the NAS as a Router but for some reason it was kinda buggy so I'm going to move pfsense on another machine probably will build some sort of a Rack to put everything in with some decent cooling as i noticed that the NAS/Server machine gets pretty warm with the Ethernet Hubs. Change to using Time Machine in Server App which allows me to restore Time Machine backups in OS X/macOS Installer as i was using File Sharing for Time machine backups before which wouldn't work with the OS X/macOS Installer. Added another Drive for iPhone, iPad Shares such as Movies, TV Shows etc.

TP-Link TL-SG108 8 Port Gigabit Ethernet Switch.
https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B00A121WN6/?tag=tonymacx86-21


HP NC360T Dual Ethernet Card (Got from FreeCycle).

WD Red 1TB NAS Drive.
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B008JJLXO6/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Screen Shot 2017-06-08 at 21.16.27.png


Screen Shot 2017-06-08 at 21.17.05.png

Screen Shot 2017-06-08 at 21.15.48.png


71fYYYWvDQL._SL1280_.jpg


NC360T_compeve_nw__1.jpg


Screen Shot 2017-06-08 at 21.47.13.png
 
Last edited:
Joined
Jul 9, 2016
Messages
47
Motherboard
Gigabyte Z390 Aorus Pro
CPU
i7-9700K
Graphics
580
Mac
MacBook Pro
Mobile Phone
iOS
It all depends. What is it you want to do? Have a Storage Server? or something like i have?
I am trying to setup an NAS file server for my photo studio. I need something that is easily expandable and redundant to protect against drive failure.

Are you able to hit-swap failed drives in this setup? How easy is it to add new drives to the array? Does it all mount as a single external drive over your network? Can you connect directly to it as well for faster file transfers?

We are just a 2-person photo studio and would only be using the system to archive our photos and video after we are done working on them. We only use OS X so wouldn't need any windows compatibility.

The reason I asked about doubling this as a workstation is that we are also looking to build a dedicated desktop editing station and I would love to kill two birds with one stone if we could make this setup double as both workstation and file server. Would the hardware requirements be drastically different vs. building the two systems separately? What would be more advisable (cost vs. reliability)?
 
Joined
Jun 9, 2013
Messages
10,809
Motherboard
Gigabyte GA-H77N-WIFI
CPU
i7-3770
Graphics
HD 4000
Mac
MacBook, Mac mini
Mobile Phone
Android
I am trying to setup an NAS file server for my photo studio. I need something that is easily expandable and redundant to protect against drive failure.

Are you able to hit-swap failed drives in this setup? How easy is it to add new drives to the array? Does it all mount as a single external drive over your network? Can you connect directly to it as well for faster file transfers?

We are just a 2-person photo studio and would only be using the system to archive our photos and video after we are done working on them. We only use OS X so wouldn't need any windows compatibility.

The reason I asked about doubling this as a workstation is that we are also looking to build a dedicated desktop editing station and I would love to kill two birds with one stone if we could make this setup double as both workstation and file server. Would the hardware requirements be drastically different vs. building the two systems separately? What would be more advisable (cost vs. reliability)?
You could possibly use this case as a workstation you could also put decent cooling in this case also. The case has 8 swappable hard drive bays which can be taken out while the machine is on but I recommend ejecting the drives if your going to change the drives when on. You can also put 3 2.5inch drives inside the case. What hardware is it your looking at? You will also need a Mini ITX board as this case is a ITX case. For the file transfers they are also accessible inside finder in mac and network in windows when using AFP data transfers are pretty quick. Is it Mac your using in your studio? Note Windows is a bit funny but I found that Windows 10 works fine.
 
Joined
Jul 9, 2016
Messages
47
Motherboard
Gigabyte Z390 Aorus Pro
CPU
i7-9700K
Graphics
580
Mac
MacBook Pro
Mobile Phone
iOS
You could possibly use this case as a workstation you could also put decent cooling in this case also. The case has 8 swappable hard drive bays which can be taken out while the machine is on but I recommend ejecting the drives if your going to change the drives when on. You can also put 3 2.5inch drives inside the case. What hardware is it your looking at? You will also need a Mini ITX board as this case is a ITX case. For the file transfers they are also accessible inside finder in mac and network in windows when using AFP data transfers are pretty quick. Is it Mac your using in your studio? Note Windows is a bit funny but I found that Windows 10 works fine.
Yes, Mac only, no Windows.

Does OSX Server support a raid setup to protect against individual drive failures? This would be fantastic if I could use it as both a workstation and NAS RAID array.
 
Joined
Jun 9, 2013
Messages
10,809
Motherboard
Gigabyte GA-H77N-WIFI
CPU
i7-3770
Graphics
HD 4000
Mac
MacBook, Mac mini
Mobile Phone
Android
Yes, Mac only, no Windows.

Does OSX Server support a raid setup to protect against individual drive failures? This would be fantastic if I could use it as both a workstation and NAS RAID array.
I know OS X supports Raid. Raid should work with this case but I'm not sure about Clover or Booting from a Raid Volume you could try it I don't see why it shouldn't work.
 
Joined
Jul 9, 2016
Messages
47
Motherboard
Gigabyte Z390 Aorus Pro
CPU
i7-9700K
Graphics
580
Mac
MacBook Pro
Mobile Phone
iOS
I know OS X supports Raid. Raid should work with this case but I'm not sure about Clover or Booting from a Raid Volume you could try it I don't see why it shouldn't work.
What if I setup OS X on an internal SSD and then created a RAID array with the HDs in the drive bays? This way it would be easy to hot-swap a failed drive and it wouldn't affect the OS installation.
 
Joined
Jun 9, 2013
Messages
10,809
Motherboard
Gigabyte GA-H77N-WIFI
CPU
i7-3770
Graphics
HD 4000
Mac
MacBook, Mac mini
Mobile Phone
Android
What if I setup OS X on an internal SSD and then created a RAID array with the HDs in the drive bays? This way it would be easy to hot-swap a failed drive and it wouldn't affect the OS installation.
That should be fine. I think you create a RAID via terminal but not sure if I'm correct in saying that. The reason why I just used separate drives is because everything is backed up so if one drive fails I can just restore everything to that drive.
 
Top