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UtterDisbelief 17 - Z490i Aorus Ultra - i5-10600K - 32GB - GT710

UtterDisbelief

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Joined
Feb 13, 2012
Messages
6,448
Motherboard
Gigabyte Z490i Aorus Ultra - OC 0.6.8
CPU
i5-10600K
Graphics
GT710 - 1920x1080
Mac
  1. iMac
  2. Mac mini
Classic Mac
  1. eMac
  2. iBook
Mobile Phone
  1. iOS
UtterDisbelief's Z490 ITX Comet Lake Build

case1.jpg case2.jpg

Components:

Gigabyte Z490i Aorus Ultra Motherboard Intel LGA1200

https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B087DD82HT/?tag=tonymacx86-21
https://www.newegg.com/p/N82E16813145188

Intel Core i5-10600k 4.1GHz Comet Lake Processor
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B0883NTLXM/?tag=tonymacx86-21
https://www.newegg.com/p/N82E16819118124

MSI GT710 2GB GDDR3 Graphics Card
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B01AY78MLM/?tag=tonymacx86-21
https://www.newegg.com/p/N82E16814127933

CORSAIR Vengeance LP 32GB (2 x 16GB) DDR4 3000 Memory
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B07B2Y6H1M/?tag=tonymacx86-21
https://www.newegg.com/p/N82E16820236346

Crucial MX500 250GB SATA SSD
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B0764WCXCV/?tag=tonymacx86-21

CORSAIR CX500M 500W 80-PLUS BRONZE Semi Modular PSU
https://www.newegg.com/p/N82E16817139050

NZXT H210 Mini-ITX Gaming case
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B07SDB15JS/?tag=tonymacx86-21
https://www.newegg.com/p/N82E16811146310

UpHere CPU Fan Cooler 5 Direct Contact Heat Pipes 120mm PWM Fan
https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B08MX66LDQ/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Noctua NF-P12 redux 1300RPM PWM 120mm Fan 4-Pin
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B07CG2PGVG/?tag=tonymacx86-21
https://www.newegg.com/p/1YF-000T-000K2

ARCTIC P12 PWM - 120 mm Case Fan with PWM
https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B07GB6SJHW/?tag=tonymacx86-21

1 Port SATA to eSATA Slot Plate Bracket - similar to:
https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B000GX4C7I/?tag=tonymacx86-21


Already Owned

Apple Magic Mouse 1
- No longer available new but …
https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B016MUCHTS/?tag=tonymacx86-21

Apple Wired USB Keyboard - No longer available new

Acer 24” HD Monitor - No longer available new

Hitachi 500GB SATA 2.5” Hard-Disk - No longer available. BYO.



Comments

This is a hybrid new build aiming to be more powerful, but also more compatible with macOS than my previous B560 i3 build, using this time a 400-series Intel motherboard and an i5 Comet Lake CPU.

Because there are still no AMD GPUs available at reasonable prices, we used a natively compatible NVidia card instead as we did before, this time from MSI.

As you can see from the parts-list above a few of the components were salvaged from the B560 PC.


Installation

Sections below are repeated from the previous build to save you swapping between, but added-to or changed to match the new components where necessary.

OpenCore 0.6.8 is the bootloader used for this build.

Partition and format a 16GB or 32GB USB memory stick with the GUID scheme and HFS+ file system:

du1.jpg


With the Big Sur installation package in your Applications folder run the following Terminal command to create a USB installer stick:

Code:
sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Big\ Sur.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/USB /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Big\ Sur.app --nointeraction


Once done you need to mount the hidden EFI partition on the USB stick using EFI Mounter v3.1 from our Downloads section. To make sure you are mounting the correct partition, check with Disk Utility. In this example the disk has the identifier of disk3 so the EFI partition we want to mount is disk3s1 and you will see this in the EFI Mounter selection window:

du2.jpg


du3.jpg


The EFI partition will probably already contain an Apple folder, ignore it, and either copy the EFI I have attached to this post into it or add your own.

BIOS settings:

1. To access Setup, press and hold Delete on a USB Keyboard while the system boots. At the BIOS screen Press F2 to toggle Advanced mode. Then -
2. Settings / Internal Graphics = Auto
3. Settings / Above 4G Decoding = Enabled
4. Settings / USB Configuration / XHCI Hand-off = enabled
5. Tweaker / Advanced CPU Settings / VT-d = disabled
6. Boot / CSM Support = Disabled
7. Boot / Secure Boot Mode = Disabled
8. Save and exit.

Now on reboot, by pressing the BIOS boot selector key (F12) when the Aorus splash screen comes up, you can choose and boot the installer. Select your destination drive and let it run its course.

Post Installation

The work has already been done in the EFI I have uploaded but I’ll run through what’s there so you know a little more if you wish to create your own.

ACPI:
SSDT-AWAC.aml - needed to boot reliably
SSDT-EC-USBX.aml - dummy embedded controller with power
SSDT-PLUG.aml - CPU power management

Kexts:
IntelMausi.kext - LAN Ethernet support
itlwm.kext - Intel Wireless support **
Lilu.kext - Vital plug-in manager
Whatevergreen.kext - Graphics plug-in for Lilu.
SMCProcessor.kext
SMCSuperIO.kext
USBPorts.kext - USB port configuration file
VirtualSMC.kext
AppleALC.kext - Audio chipset activation
FakePCIID/FakePCIID_Intel_i225-V kexts - To enable the onboard Ethernet 2.5GbE ***
IntelBluetoothFirmware/Injector kexts - To enable the AX201 Bluetooth

** To make the itlwm.kext work with your wireless network you need to manually add in the SSID name and password you wish to log on to. Highlight the kext, right-click on it and “Show Package Contents”. Edit the Info.plist with a plain text editor. Search for “WiFi_1” and overwrite the placeholders with your password and SSID. Save and exit the kext. There is an app available from the developer called Heliport which handles the connection if you would rather use that.

*** For Big Sur 11.4+ there is apparently now limited support for the Intel i225-V, but this depends on which "revision" it is 02 or 03. Revision 03 seems to be native now so you would not need the two kexts or the Device Properties I've included in the config.plist. This is new information and I haven't double-checked it yet.

A Few notes about USB

The Z490 has 14x USB ports of which 10x can be USB3. The included USBPorts.kext configures them down to 15.

There are two Type-C USB ports, one via a the new-style front-panel header, the other on the back panel. If you use the same case you won't need an adapter cable for the header because one is included in the case. These ports are “switchable” ones.

The LED RGB connector takes up USB port HS13.

The Bluetooth wireless uses port HS14.

Here is the result of the USBPorts.kext included in the EFI folder:

XHCI1.jpg


What Works:
Audio - Line out
Ethernet(Catalina onwards).
WiFi & BT
Sleep/Wake

What Doesn’t Work:
Continuity and Handoff

BS1.jpg


The serial-numbers in the attached EFI folder are dummies. Please generate and use your own unique ones.


Edit: 22nd June 2021 - to add Intel i225-V updates at *** above.

:)
 

Attachments

  • EFI-Z490-BS.zip
    50 MB · Views: 36
Last edited:

trs96

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Jul 31, 2012
Messages
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Motherboard
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  1. MacBook Pro
  2. Mac mini
Mobile Phone
  1. Android
I like the NZXT case. I bought a similar mATX case painted white and it's a nice change from all the blackout cases we see nowadays. I know that the ATX versions of the NZXT case are always in the Amazon top 3 best sellers. One question I have is why choose the 2017 iMac SMBIOS when it's tenth gen hardware ? Also how well does the cpu cooler do when not using the Noctua heatsink with a Noctua fan ?

If your username was Halley you could have called UD #17 "Halley's Comet Lake Build."
 
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UtterDisbelief

Moderator
Joined
Feb 13, 2012
Messages
6,448
Motherboard
Gigabyte Z490i Aorus Ultra - OC 0.6.8
CPU
i5-10600K
Graphics
GT710 - 1920x1080
Mac
  1. iMac
  2. Mac mini
Classic Mac
  1. eMac
  2. iBook
Mobile Phone
  1. iOS
I like the NZXT case. I bought a similar mATX case painted white and it's a nice change from all the blackout cases we see nowadays. I know that the ATX versions of the NZXT case are always in the Amazon top 3 best sellers. One question I have is why choose the 2017 iMac SMBIOS when it's tenth gen hardware ? Also how well does the cpu cooler do when not using the Noctua heatsink with a Noctua fan ?

If your username was Halley you could have called UD #17 Halley's Comet Lake Build.

Thanks. I agree. The white makes a positive change over all the dark cases. Because of where I have to have my desk these days a lighter case is more inconspicuous than a large, black box. The NZXT was a surprise for me as I hadn't expected it to be such good quality. And the accessories too. I prefer it to the previous silver Metallic Gear case as well.

I use iMac18,3 because it's a bit like iMac14,2 was for reliability and compatibility, but also has Big Sur support. I have SSDs with High Sierra, Mojave and Catalina running too and it supports them all. When suggesting a build I want people to have as little stress as possible. If they want to venture up to iMac19,1 or iMac20,2 I'll leave them to experiment!

The UpHere CPU cooler was a gamble but I wanted the 5x heatpipe array, and it was at a reasonable cost. I've never used the included UpHere fan and have only used the Noctua, for reasons we've talked about before. The quiet, reliable quality Noctua brings. The straight-through airflow makes for a very cool PC.

Ha! Indeed. I like the astronomical link! Hopefully the build isn't a portent of doom as Halley's Comet seems to have been.

:lol:
 

trs96

Moderator
Joined
Jul 31, 2012
Messages
19,927
Motherboard
GA-Z97X-UD3H-BK
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i5-4690K
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HD4600 / RX 570
Mac
  1. MacBook Pro
  2. Mac mini
Mobile Phone
  1. Android
I like the astronomical link! Hopefully the build isn't a portent of doom as Halley's Comet seems to have been.
Well, I remember 1986 like it was yesterday. The Space shuttle blew up in mid flight, Chernobyl had a major meltdown. It was the height of the AIDS pandemic. Not too many years later the Soviet Union fell. Could all be Halley's related if you believe in stuff like that. The next pass by Earth is at least 40 years off. We should be safe for a while.
 

UtterDisbelief

Moderator
Joined
Feb 13, 2012
Messages
6,448
Motherboard
Gigabyte Z490i Aorus Ultra - OC 0.6.8
CPU
i5-10600K
Graphics
GT710 - 1920x1080
Mac
  1. iMac
  2. Mac mini
Classic Mac
  1. eMac
  2. iBook
Mobile Phone
  1. iOS
Update 1

Finally, I let the update to Big Sur 11.4 happen. Been holding off and checking reported problems by others before committing.

However, no problems at all. Importantly there are no issues with USB and all looks as it should in System Report.

Ethernet LAN i225-V is now native to 11.4 (at least version 2 of the chip is. Reports elsewhere are that version 3 is not). The motherboard LAN is identified and working as it should. Ethernet at "en0", BlueTooth at "en1" & Wireless at "en2".

Upgraded the GPU to an AMD RX 560 Dell OEM card. The only RX card I could find at an affordable price. Support for the GT710 seems to be being dropped by Apple. Although it works fine in most situations, there are problems with the Preview and Photos apps with artefacts in rendered images. No crashes or other problems. The RX 560 is perfect.


BS-114-J.jpg


RX560.jpg

:)
 
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UtterDisbelief

Moderator
Joined
Feb 13, 2012
Messages
6,448
Motherboard
Gigabyte Z490i Aorus Ultra - OC 0.6.8
CPU
i5-10600K
Graphics
GT710 - 1920x1080
Mac
  1. iMac
  2. Mac mini
Classic Mac
  1. eMac
  2. iBook
Mobile Phone
  1. iOS
Update 2

Big Sur 11.5 point upgrade.

BS-115.jpg

The upgrade itself went smoothly. As usual keep an eye open for reboots and ensure you choose the correct drive from the OpenCore menu. If you are using my included OpenCanopy setup then for the first couple you will see 2x of your main drives in the menu. Always choose the left-most one until it disappears. Once completed remember to ResetNVRAM from the OpenCanopy menu. (Press the SpaceBar and move cursor to far right).

I decided to double-check DRM video playback with the new GPU in place as the Whatevergreen online Manual states some older DRM schemes are being deprecated. Indeed a Terminal command was required to restore it:

Code:
defaults write com.apple.AppleGVA gvaForceAMDKE -boolean yes

Unrelated to this upgrade, finding my old, purchased music-videos in the new Music app turned-out to be very difficult as they don't show in my Purchase history any more. Luckily I have a local back-up of them. If anyone knows where they might have gone I'd be pleased to learn. Have they moved to AppleTV+ by any chance?

Finally, there continue to be no USB issues with this build. I still firmly recommend @headkaze 's Hackintool and USBPorts.kext method for configuration. It hasn't failed yet.

BS115-USB.png

Note: This build still uses OpenCore 0.6.8 and a system-definition of iMac18,3. I understand many will want to race to the bleeding-edge and update everything, but at present there is no need unless you really want to.


P.S - I was slow with update Big Sur 11.5 so hot on its heels came Big Sur 11.5.1 too and the process was identical with the same results. No issues:

BS1151.jpg


:)
 
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